Over 3.6 million residents of East Africa have been affected by floods and landslides since June 2020.
According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the situation is worsened by conflict, violence, the desert locust upsurge and COVID-19.
In South Sudan, flooding affected estimated 856,000 people since June 2020, including nearly 400,000 who have been displaced; Jonglei, which experienced devastating sub-national violence earlier in 2020, was amongst the areas hardest-hit by floods, forcing people to cope with back-to-back shocks.
In Ethiopia, nearly 1.1 million people have been affected by floods, including over 313,000 people displaced, with Afar, Amhara, Gambella, Oromia, Somali and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s (SNNP) regions most-affected.
More than 1.1 million people were displaced by violence before the floods hit.
In Sudan, about 875,000 people were affected by the country’s worst floods in decades, with torrential downpours, landslides, flash and riverine flooding killing over 150 people and leaving a path of destruction in all states across the country.
In Somalia, since late June, floods have affected over 633,000 people, including about 43,000 displaced, in Hirshabelle, South West and Jubaland states, in addition to Sanaag and Banadir regions.
In Kenya, the water levels of several Rift Valley lakes, especially Baringo and Naivasha, are historically high, following the highest seasonal rains in decades in October to December 2019 and above-average rains in 2020, displacing thousands of people and impacting livelihoods, schools and health facilities.
This report coincides with worries expressed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) about the current climate trends in Africa.