Monday, 21 June, 2021

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Report: The Arctic is warming-up faster…..


The Arctic average surface temperature between 1979 and 2019 was three times higher than the global average during this period .

This is much higher than previously reported.

This new development is based on a report released by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP).

AMAP revealed that climate change impacts on Arctic communities, ecosystems and species, especially when associated with extreme events, are considerable and accelerating.

Sea ice loss, glacier retreat and reduced snow cover remobilizes previously deposited contaminants.

The Arctic region is home to 4 million people.

“While climate change is mainly driven by carbon dioxide emissions, changes in emissions of air pollutants such as short-lived climate forcers also affect the climate as well as human health. Globally, such air pollution is a major cause of premature deaths and reducing air pollution from particles and ozone could prevent hundreds of thousands of premature deaths in Arctic Council Member and Observer countries.”

AMAP

AMAP also discovered that:

  • Climate change is a here-and-now problem in the Arctic
  • The Arctic is experiencing an increase in the frequency and/or intensity of rapid sea ice loss events, melt events on the Greenland ice sheet, heavy precipitation, inland flooding, coastal erosion and wildfires. 
  • Climate change is expected to increase access to resources such as oil, gas, and minerals in the Arctic.
  • Ecosystems across the Arctic are undergoing fundamental changes, which affect global climate change through feedbacks in the climate system.
  • Climate change is expected to increase access to resources such as oil, gas, and minerals in the Arctic.

The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is the working group responsible for monitoring and assessing the state of Arctic pollution and climate change, and for developing science-based recommendations for actions to support policy-making. It’s research informs WMO’s Global Cryosphere Watch programme and polar activities.